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The boreholes database is an inventory of subsurface data in Catalonia through the collection of available geological and geotechnical survey information. The surveys are classified into three groups: surveys, penetrometers and trial pits.
The WMS Map of hydrogeological areas of Catalonia 1:250 000 is a tool of representation and dissemination of hydrogeological characteristics of the territory and subsoil.
The information published on the WMS GT VI: Map for the prevention of geological hazards 1:25 000 comes from the database of map for the prevention of geological hazards 1:25 000.
The WMS geologic map of Catalonia 1:50 000 is a continuous synthesis created from the information contained in geological maps of the MAGNA serie at 1:50000 scale from Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. The set of geological information is referred to BT50M topographic base valid in 1997.
The WMS Geotreballs shows sheets of the six published cartographic series of the Geological Map of Catalonia, allowing their GeoPDF and Shapefile download.
Seismic reflection method is based on the propagation of seismic waves inside the earth. This method analyzes the reflected waves which are generated on or near the surface by a seismic source, travel down into the ground, reflect at a discontinuity (density and velocity contrast) and travel back up to the ground surface. Digital processing of seismic reflection data offers the opportunity to create cross-sectional images of the subsurface (seismic reflection section) showing the amplitude of the reflected wave at the correct horizontal and depth coordinate of the reflection point.
The Magnetotelluric method (MT) uses natural electromagnetic fields (electrical storms, ionosferic currents) as a source to study subsoil structure. Simultaneous recording of the horizontal electric and magnetic field variations on earth surface allows to determine the electrical resistivity variation as a function of the frequency (depth). Frequency band for MT data ranges from 0.001 Hz to 100 Hz that makes it possible to study depths of up to hundreds of km. For shallow studies (around 1 km investigation depth), control source audiomagnetotellurics method (CSAMT) or audiomagnetotellurics methods (AMT) are required. Frequency band in this type of studies ranges from 1 Hz to 100 KHz.
Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) is a electrical resistivity method that involves injecting current into the earth and measuring the potential difference between a pair of points. In this way, apparent resistivity of the subsoil as a function of depth can be obtained. VES technique can be applied to a wide range of studies with a maximum investigation depth of about 200 m depending on the acquisition system.
Borehole geophysical logging techniques are based on measuring and recording continuously the physical properties of interest along a borehole using different probes. Analysis of the correlation between the different records (logs) allows to characterize lithological section and formation fluids.
Measuring and analyzing earth's gravitational field at the surface is one of the main tools to study the structure and composition of the Earth. The gravity method helps Geology in describing subsoil lithological variation based on density anomalies.